Remember having a similar error. The error is coming from OpenGL, which is related to your graphics card.
There are 2 problems, that I can think of, that could be causing your launcher not to work.
1. Outdated drivers which do not support required OpenGL version to run Minecraft latest version.
2. Outdated Java having trouble reading OpenGL
Make sure you have your drivers and Java updated. If both are up to date try downgrading Java version.